MEANS OF ACTION

 

Those activities that are conducted by human, are broadly divided into three categories by VEDAS - continual act, casual act and desirable act.


Daily Obligatory Duties ( NITYA KARM )


Our life is solely dependent on nature. Within nature, also come the other creatures such as fauna, trees / plants, five elements (fire, water, air, earth and sky) and invisible souls, God souls and the Fore Fathers (Pitras) come. Man is neither powerful enough to create any one of these nor his existence is possible without all of these. Man is only capable of using and protecting nature. Energy is also one form of divine nature. This fact can be understood from the following example - Humans have a sustainable source of energy in form of soul which defines life but to continuously maintain the sustainability of energy of body, human beings require food and water. Food cannot be grown without soil. Grain production also requires contribution of all five elements. Suitable environment is being provided by irrigating the land with water for the seeds to propagate. With the co-operation of the elements like fire in the form of sun and air, seeds get multiplied and transform itself into raw food materials. When this raw food material is made available to man, for its creation he needs the co-operation of earth, fire, air and water elements. In absence of these elements, the food cannot be prepared / cooked. By transforming the form of nature, one can enhance his/her own luxuries but cannot do without it. For example, in the present days gas cylinders are used for fire, but here also nature plays an important role in the process of building the gas cylinder. In the similar manner, without the role of trees and plants it is impossible to mange the AIR element hence the important necessity of life - breathing . Similarly, animal such as cow, buffalo enforce vital power by providing nutritious foods like milk. Birds carry the seeds to very far off places and balance nature by devouring harmful insects. Likewise, it is not at all possible to work towards the fulfillment of any requirements that is concerned with the human life without the support of nature.


In order to exist in the world, man inhibits the natural flow of nature. This process of inhibition influences the living systems of many microscopic creatures. Like by cutting trees, the shelters of birds are destroyed and ultimately their sustentation (Jeevan dhara) gets affected. To maintain his  life stream a man does Five actions inevitably. According to Manu Maharaja, only by means of common domestic life, animals are being killed at least five locations - through stove, Peshini or grinder, Upskar or cleanliness, Kandni or mortar and Udkumbh or water pitcher. A regular use of these five things becomes the cause of violence to organism and microrganism. Knowingly or unknowingly this ongoing violence goes on because of necessity .

To balance the sinful deeds taking place on daily basis, the following Pancha Mahayagna have been legislated - Brahma Yagna, Deva Yagna, Pitra Yagna, Bhoota Yagna and Atithi Yagna. Under the category of Brahma Yagna come satsanga, studying, hearing and contemplating of good books and the Vedas, hearing and comes due to which purification of the intellect takes place. Deva Yagna comprises of Trikaal Sandhya which is worship of God, rhyming service hymns etc. in other words.
Under Pitra Karma comes the libation for memorial service of ancestors from time to time along with the other work such as taking care of parents.  Bhoota Yagna includes charity for other creatures in the world, especially for cow, crow, dog and bird, there is legislation of regular charity of one fraction of food.  Under Atithi Yagna, there is provision for treating guests and taking care of them just like God.

 This is one of the most important reason that virtue is not attained by performing daily task because it neutralizes sins taking place on daily basis. If this Pancha Mahayagna is not performed, these sins cannot be rectified resulting into the collection of sins. As a result of which man falls down from his current position.


Occasional Obligatory duties ( NAIMITTIK KARM )


These are the actions which are carried out on a special occasion. This includes sixteen values / rites, deed for peace of forbidding planets and rites for the atonement of sins alongwith the worship / puja done on various special occasions.


There exists an important role of sixteen values (Solah Sanskar) in life. Values are of sixteen types:
Garbhadhan (Conception); Punasavana (Fetus protection); Simantonnayana (Satisfying wishes of the pregnant Mother); Jaat Karma (Child Birth);  Namakarna (Naming Child); Nishkramana (Taking the child outdoors); Annaprashana (Feeding solid food to child); Mundan (Tonsure); Karnavedha (Ear piercing); Vidhyarambha (Beginning of Education) Upanayana (Sacred thread); Vedarambha (Initiation into the Vedic Education); Keshanta ( cutting of hairs); Samavartana (Completing Education); Vivaah (Marriage) and Antyeshti (burials).


There is a scientific reason behind every action in order to balance it and whose aim is spiritual progress. The purpose of all these processes is purification of energy. The same process is not profitable in every situation.  Just as to make food suitable for intake, it has to go through different levels. Similarly, in order to become eligible to receive spiritual energy, one has to resort to different procedures. That is the purpose of sixteen values inherent in naimittik acts. For this reason only, at all the important stages, right from life to death of positive energy is developed by the means of different processes and because of which the work gets completed without facing any obstacle yielding favourable results. The first three rites are for having good children. Jaat Karma is entering into the world and Namkarna is the legislation to make acquaintance with the world. In the process of evacuation, excessive energy is required in order to become suitable in the world, for which philosophy of sun is being provided.  Food affects both body and mind and that is why the beginning of the meal is initiated with pure food through the process of Annaprashana rites. Karnavedha or Ear piercing plays an important role in balancing the five elements. The consecutive 3 rituals such as Vidhyarambha, Upanayana and Vedarambha is conducted then after to attain suitability in life, whether it is mundane or spiritual. Keshanta ritual acts as a medium to remove negative energy. Following the end of lore as well as after making our own self discipline through celibacy, the concurrence rite is gestured for re-entering the world. Then after nuptial is the most important sacrament.


When disease or marital problem or business task related problems and more are solved on the basis of the planets , then this act of bringing peace to planet also comes under casual act.  This includes charity of items related to nine planets, holding of gems and planet related chanting and more.


Mind is purified no sooner than the atonement for past deeds is done. Accumulation of karma (sanchit karma) is just like that water which gets decomposed if its speed is blocked leading to contamination of environment. No matter surrounding atmosphere is however nice, the smell of stagnant water puts a limit to enjoyment of good atmosphere. In a similar fashion, accumulated task is also like stagnant water that puts a limit to present. The task done for atonement is just like rainfall that triggers the accumulated karmas ultimately preparing the mind for good work. The evil fruits yielded by accumulated actions / sanchit karma can be eradicated by means of religious acts if done as described in Veda. When particular narrative, chants, pilgrimage, fasting, chanting mantra etc. is done with whole commitment by determining specific action, it sets one free from the fruits of sinful deeds.  By the purification of mind, the likelihood of future sins decreases to some extent. After atonement, one should not re-engage in sinful deeds and only then the atonement action becomes successful.


 Rites done to attain desired results ( KAMY KARM )


 The word KAAMY is derived from  KAAM . Kaam is also the source of word KAMNA (Desire) .
The actions which are done to fullfil any kind of desire comes under kaamy karma. Desirable act consists of two types of actions / karma.


1) Rituals performed for fulfillment of worldly desires
2) Rituals performed for spiritual progress such as anushthan, fasting, charity, mantra chanting, etc.


Attachment, desire, anger, greed, infatuation, fear, laziness, and ego - these are such elements that bind to bear fruits of our actions. When any task is performed with the support of any one of these feelings, such task is considered to be desirable act, no matter even if it is a religious task.
Most of the desirable acts are performed for obtaining preferred life partner, wealth and similar other favorite things receipt as well as for the solution of the crises and similar other situations. A Holy ritual done for son or rain etc. is also categorized under desirable act.


NECESSITY OF CONTINUAL, CASUAL AND DESIRABLE ACT :


 It is very important to perform continual act because by not doing it, loss of energy takes place due to continuous sins taking place which can increase the likelihood of the downfall . There is no loss of energy on not performing casual act, on the contrary performing them increases the level of energy. By such acts, the task consummation takes place quickly that ultimately increases the likelihood of good results. Desirable acts are meant only for the fulfillment of desire.  By doing this act results in fulfillment of wish developed at that point of time, but long-term results are determined on the basis of emotion that is hidden behind such task. Man has no control over these outcomes.


DEEDS AND ASTROLOGY


It is true that destiny is the result of our previous lives, but the power itself lies in the deeds of our present birth only which can free man from the bondage of fate. That is why a man is said to be the creator of his own fate. If a man is able to balance his deeds and provides a particular direction, he is in a position to create his own future according to him. Good deeds only assist in the removal of bad deeds that exist in the form of sins. But it is equally essential to have knowledge of when and how the good deeds should be done.


Good deeds when not performed in a smooth manner, their fruits are also not visible completely. The daily worship can be cited as an example for this. We all worship God in one or the other form, but it often happens that change take place neither in ourselves nor in the circumstances. The most important reason for this is the decrease in concentration. Because of this one do not get fruits by worship as desired. No matter how food is ingested, but it certainly does something or the other. In the similar manner, reciting name of God also yields some fruit. Now here the question arises that after all where does the fruit of that worship goes?  As stated in continual act that human always do five crimes. If we do not perform the determined Pancha Mahayagna in its determined form, our worship done continuously is being utilized to neutralize the sins of committed continuously. If for some reason the energy obtained from chanting is not spent in daily basis deeds, the power is automatically directed towards neutralizing the accumulated deeds. Many times the current idea of birth, relationship and deeds also give rise to negative circumstances. Our continual act of worship or the energy obtained from other virtues goes into controlling the situation. But we are unaware of it. No change is visible in circumstances and our selves.


The result of the deeds can be neutralized either by bearing it or through special procedures. The process of bearing may often be lengthy and on the other hand sorrow or disappointment also makes the process longer by affecting the actions of the present birth in a negative form. That is the reason why the Vedas has categorically divided the deeds of the present birth in order to mitigate the effects of fruit of the accumulated deeds and to make future a pleasurable experience for a man to be free from the effects of sin in minimum time  and becomes eligible to receive self-knowledge at the same time.


For the avoidance of karmic defects, no other science is more important than astrological science. It not only explains the causes of sorrow, but also describes specific measures for its prevention at the same time. These special measures, enhances the process of scouring the blame. One can counteract these blames by calculating both accumulated and destined actions through astrological medium, by aiming the hindered actions and by the way of making special donations, chanting and following various worship methods. Just as if the disease is once identified, it can be controlled at an early stage with the help of the right drug and the right dosage, in a similar fashion, when the root cause of the sorrow in the form of actions is known with the help of the planets,  its troubleshooting becomes comparatively easy. To cite an example, if someone has insulted a woman in his past life, he will not be able to get pleasure from a woman. This will be addressed by the worst position Venus planet in the horoscope. If one bears negative thought in mind towards woman due to repetitive negative behavior of woman, this reaction results in more of bad deeds which in turn will have affect on all the amenities.  This is because Venus planet is a home to other pleasures as well along with the woman pleasure. If a person whose Venus planet is impaired, starts respecting a woman in all circumstances along with chanting the mantra and all associated with the planet Venus, the actions of the past life karma reduce their effects. Because of this, one can atone for the bad deeds of the previous birth by being patient in unfavorable situations and following special measures such as serving the cows and the elderly women.


Unless and until the cause of the problems is not determined, a human being does aimless actions which further keeps on trapping him into bondage in a similar way as husband and wife blame each other for stress and tension in their relationship although the cause of stress is the action of destiny. If the husband and wife understands this concept and try to keep calm during unfavourable situations, the conversion of the fruits of negative actions starts.
In this case, the man himself takes on the responsibility for his deeds. The result is of this is that it stops the meaningless conflict with the sorrows. The process of construction of new negative actions resulting on account of negative feedback seems to break. Thereafter by atonement deeds, civil peace deeds, everlasting deeds and chanting mantras, change in circumstances can be brought directly by reducing the effect of the bad deeds. In addition, by doing specific rituals in the beginning of the specific dates and specific actions, the amount of energy of the positive actions can be increased.


With the help of the planets, the knowledge about the intensity of action is also gained. Having knowledge of the intensity of the action, the time required for the conversion of the fruit of action and the knowledge of good deeds quantity can be estimated as a result of which a man is able to afford patience even in adversity.


A man does not reap the fruits of all actions at single point of time. The reaping times of various actions are also different. To change the outcome of each action requires different kind of good deeds. This particular time and its prevention is determined through the medium of astrology.